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1

2014 Key World Energy Statistics, IEA, 2014, p. 6; 24.

2

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 25.

3

http://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/de/downloads/pdf-files/data-nivc-/stromproduktion-aus-solar-und-windenergie-2014.pdf, S.

2.

4

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 56. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015–01–09/clean-energy-investment-jumps-16-on-china-s-support-for-solar

5

http://www.unep.org/newscentre/Default.aspx?DocumentID=26788&ArticleID=34875&l=en

6

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/aug/27/ubs-investors-renewables-revolution

7

http://earthtechling.com/2015/04/vancouver-joins-the-100-percent-renewable-energy-movement/

8

Tracking Clean Energy Progress 2014, Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 Excerpt, IEA Input to the Clean Energy Ministerial, p. 20.

9

IRENA (2015), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2014.

10

http://www.irena.org/News/Description.aspx?NType=A&mnu=cat&PriMenuID=16&CatID=84&News_ID=386

11

http://www.irena.org/News/Description.aspx?NType=A&mnu=cat&PriMenuID=16&CatID=84&News_ID=386

12

http://www.lazard.com/insights. Lazard’s Levelized Cost of Energy Analysis – Version 8.0.

13

http://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/de/veroeffentlichungen/veroeffentlichungen-pdf-dateien/studien-und-konzeptpapiere/studie-stromgestehungskosten-erneuerbare-energien.pdf.

14

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 14.

15

Wind in Power, 2014 European Statistics, February 2015, The European Wind Energy Association, p. 6.

16

http://www.greentechlead.com/news/renewable-energy-outperforms-natural-gas-u-s-2014–21395

17

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421514003747

18

G8+5 Academies’ joint statement: Climate change and the transformation of energy technologies for a low carbon future.

19

Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report. http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/syr/

20

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/2015-begins-with-co2-above-400-ppm-mark/

21

Redrawing the Energy-Climate Map, Executive Summary, World Energy Outlook Special Report, IEA 2013, p. 1.

22

http://sedac.ipcc-data.org/ddc/ar5_scenario_process/RCPs.html

23

http://www.iea.org/publications/scenariosandprojections/

24

http://350.org/about/science/

25

Рифкин Д. Третья промышленная революция. Как горизонтальные взаимодействия меняют экономику, энергетику и мир в целом. – М.: Альпина нон-фикшн, 2014. – С. 28.

26

Kepler Cheuvreux, ESG Sustainability Research, Stranded assets, fossilised revenues, 24 April 2014.

27

http://www.economist.com/news/briefing/21587782-europes-electricity-providers-face-existential-threat-how-lose-half-trillion-euros

28

http://www.pv-tech.org/news/are_utilities_facing_a_perfect_storm_from_disruptive_renewables

29

http://reneweconomy.com.au/2013/darwin-69517

30

2015 Energy Tomorrow, p. 17, www.api.org

31

http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2015/01/17/1-big-oil-company-that-sees-a-future-in-renewable.aspx

32

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015–04–01/china-s-fuel-demand-to-peak-sooner-than-oil-giants-expect

33

Вестник АН СССР. 1976. № 1. С. 34–43. Цит. по: http://vivovoco.astronet.ru/VV/PAPERS/KAPITZA/KAP_10.HTM

34

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 101.

35

Ibid., p. 15.

36

IRENA (2015), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2014, p. 75.

37

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 48.

38

Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Photovoltaics Report, Freiburg, 24 October 2014, p. 5, www.ise.fraunhofer.de

39

Technology Roadmap. Solar Thermal Electricity, 2014 Edition, IEA, p. 5.

40

Ibid., p. 18.

41

http://energy-fresh.ru/solarenergy/tendencii/?id=3558

42

http://s01.static-shell.com/content/dam/shell-new/local/corporate/corporate/downloads/pdf/NewLensScenario/nls-web-russian-brochure.pdf, с. 67.

43

http://inventors.about.com/od/sstartinventions/a/solar_cell.htm

44

http://investor.firstsolar.com/releasedetail.cfm?releaseid=864426

45

http://investor.firstsolar.com/releasedetail.cfm?ReleaseID=833971

46

Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Photovoltaics Report, Freiburg, 24 October 2014, p. 6, www.ise.fraunhofer.de

47

https://energy.stanford.edu/news/perovskites-provide-big-boost-silicon-solar-cells-stanford-study-finds

48

Technology Roadmap. Solar Photovoltaic Energy, 2014 Edition, IEA, p. 12.

49

http://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/en/press-and-media/press-releases/presseinformationen-2013/world-record-solar-cell-with-44.7-efficiency

50

Technology Roadmap. Solar Photovoltaic Energy, 2014 Edition, IEA, p. 30.

51

Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Photovoltaics Report, Freiburg, 24 October 2014, p. 7, www.ise.fraunhofer.de

52

http://www.forbes.com/sites/greatspeculations/2014/10/21/trends-in-silver-demand-by-the-solar-photovoltaic-industry/

53

http://www.caseyresearch.com/articles/a-photovoltaic-silver-bull-in-china

54

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927024813004455

55

Technology Roadmap. Solar Photovoltaic Energy, 2014 Edition, IEA, p. 18.

56

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927024813004455

57

http://info.cat.org.uk/questions/pv/what-environmental-impact-photovoltaic-pv-solar-panels

58

Fthenakis, V. and Alsema, E. (2006), Photovoltaics energy payback times, greenhouse gas emissions and external costs: 2004 – early 2005 status. Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl., 14: 275–280.

59

https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/sites/default/files/medien/378/publikationen/hgp_umweltkosten.pdf

60

Fraunhofer ISE, Aktuelle Fakten zur Photovoltaik in Deutschland, 16.10.2014, S. 5.

61

http://reneweconomy.com.au/2013/solar-milestone-1000000-pv-systems-installed-in-australia-44201

62

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 47.

63

http://www.pv-magazine.com/news/details/beitrag/china-unveils-15-gw-solar-target_100018005/#axzz3QOkpZa5r

64

Житомирский С. В. Архимед: Пособие для учащихся. – М.: Просвещение, 1981. – С. 38.

65

IRENA (2015), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2014, p. 99.

66

http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/intelligent-energy/google-cans-solar-energy-project/

67

IRENA (2015), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2014, p. 99.

68

http://www.lazard.com/insights. Lazard’s Levelized Cost of Energy Analysis – Version 8.0, p. 2.

69

Technology Roadmap. Solar Thermal Electricity, 2014 Edition, IEA, p. 5.

70

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2009/may/26/solarpower-renewableenergy

71

Technology Roadmap. Solar Thermal Electricity, 2014 Edition, IEA, p. 23.

72

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 63.

73

http://landartgenerator.org/blagi/archives/127

74

The World Wind Energy Association (2014), 2014 Half-year Report, WWEA. p. 1–8.

75

http://cleantechnica.com/2015/02/10/global-wind-industry-grows-44–2014/

76

http://www.ewea.org/wind-energy-basics/facts/

77

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 16.

78

http://www.dw.de/wind-power-fuels-transition-to-renewable-energy/a-18224739

79

http://www.dw.de/wind-power-fuels-transition-to-renewable-energy/a-18224739

80

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 63.

81

http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2015/01/07/3608898/denmark-sets-world-record-for-wind-power/

82

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 58.

83

http://thecontributor.com/environment/how-wind-met-all-denmark%E2%80%99s-electricity-needs-90-hours

84

http://www.earth-policy.org/press_room/C68/wind_power_fact_sheet

85

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/feb/17/worlds-biggest-offshore-windfarm-approved-for-yorkshire-coast

86

http://www.ewea.org/wind-energy-basics/facts/

87

Учитываются затраты, связанные с производством, транспортировкой, установкой и последующей утилизацией. Опубликованное в 2014 г. подробное исследование двух действующих ветряных турбин на западе США показало результат 5,2 и 6,4 месяца, см.: http://www.ourenergypolicy.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/turbines.pdf

88

http://awwi.org/resources/summary-of-wind-wildlife-interactions-2/#section-summary-of-windwildlife-interactions

89

Offshore wind in Europe / Walking the tightrope to success, EY, March 2015, p. 9.

90

Global potential for wind-generated electricity http://www.pnas.org/content/106/27/10933.abstract

91

См.: Reinventing Fire. Chelsea Green Publishing, p. 199.

92

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 56.

93

http://www.dw.de/globaler-trend-hin-zu-erneuerbarer-energie/a-16519172

94

http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v4/n8/fig_tab/nclimate2269_T1.html

95

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2015/03/12/obama-wind-power-report-energy-department/70160824/

96

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 32.

97

Ibid., p. 18.

98

Medium-term renewable energy market report 2014, Executive summary, IEA, p. 13.

99

Wood Markets Monthly International Report, Volume 16, Number 10, December 2011-January 2012

100

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 33.

101

Pellet market overview report Europe. WIP renewable energies, p. 9.

102

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 33.

103

http://www.stat.fi/til/ehk/2013/ehk_2013_2014–12–10_tie_001_en.html

104

http://cleantechies.com/2013/11/05/more-and-more-french-households-burn-wood-for-heating/

105

http://www.sdw.de/waldwissen/wald-in-deutschland/waldanteil/

106

http://bioenergycrops.com/blog/2014/11/06/biomass-largest-plant-projected-belgium-215mw/

107

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 107.

108

http://www.iinas.org/gemis.html

109

http://www.depi.de/media/filebase/files/infothek/images/DEPI_Emissionsbilanz_von_Brennstoffen.jpg

110

Biogas Barometer, Eurobserv’er, November 2014, p. 7.

111

http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/blog/post/2014/11/biogas-at-home-a-renewable-no-brainer?cmpid=rss

112

http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/blog/post/2014/11/biogas-at-home-a-renewable-no-brainer?cmpid=rss

113

https://www.dbfz.de/web/fileadmin/user_upload/Vortraege/BiogasWorld2014/02_Jiming.pdf

114

http://www.zeit.de/2011/29/Biogas

115

http://www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/oekostrom-foerderung-biogas-wird-abgedreht-1.1915205

116

Biogas Barometer, Eurobserv’er, November 2014, p. 11.

117

IAE Technology Roadmaps. Biofuel for Transport, p. 4.

118

An Energy Field of Dreams. The Wall St. Journal, June 17, 2006.

119

Цит. по: Рифкин Д. Указ. соч. С. 64.

120

Technology Roadmap. Bioenergy for Heat and Power, 2012, IEA, p. 5

121

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 38.

122

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 38.

123

http://www.minenergo.gov.ru/activity/powerindustry/powersector/structure/types/http://www.nkj.ru/archive/articles/23110/

124

Bertani, Ruggero; Thain, Ian (July 2002), “Geothermal Power Generating Plant CO2 Emission Survey”, IGA News (International Geothermal Association) (49), p. 2.

125

http://www.geotherm.rushydro.ru/geopp/general/

126

Earthquakes Induced by the Stimulation of an Enhanced Geothermal System below Basel (Switzerland), Seismological Research Letters, September/October 2009, v. 80, Number 5, p. 784.

127

Medium-term renewable energy market report 2014, Executive summary, IEA, p. 13.

128

Geothermal Heat and Power Roadmap, IEA 2011.

129

http://www.iea.org/topics/heat/

130

Energieverbrauch in Deutschland, Daten fuer das 1. bis 4. Quartal 2014, AGEB (AG Energiebilanzen e.V.), S. 1.9, www.ag-energiebilanzen.de

131

Tracking Clean Energy Progress, IEA Input to Clean Energy Ministerial, 2013, p. 100.

132

IEA Heat Pump Centre Newsletter, Volume 27 – No. 4/2009, p. 24.

133

Cleantech Energiestrategie, Swisscleantech, Version 4.0, s.18, www.swisscleantech.ch

134

Policy note – “Winter is coming…”, www.ehpa.org

135

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 43.

136

IEA, 2014 Key World Energy Statistics, p. 19.

137

“UK and Norway near deal to build subsea power cable”, http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/d47423f8–926d-11e4-a1fd-00144feabdc0.html#axzz3NsAn0Yjp

138

http://energy.gov/eere/water/history-hydropower

139

IEA, 2014 Key World Energy Statistics, p. 24.

140

IRENA Working Paper. Renewable Energy Technologies: Cost Analysis Series, Volume 1: Power Sector, Issue 3/5, Hydropower, June 2012.

141

U. S. Energy Information Administration. Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generation Plants, April 2013, p.6

142

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143

http://www.newyorker.com/news/letter-from-china/faust-china-and-nuclear-power

144

http://yar-volgar.narod.ru/Mologa.html

145

http://www.darvinskiy.ru/geographic.php

146

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147

2014 Key World Energy Statistics, International Energy Agency, 2014, p. 33.

148

OPEC World oil outlook 2014.

149

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015–04–01/china-s-fuel-demand-to-peak-sooner-than-oil-giants-expect

150

http://reneweconomy.com.au/2014/grantham-wind-solar-to-replace-fossil-fuels-within-decades-63270

151

http://cleantechnica.com/2015/03/28/ev-demand-growing-global-market-hits-740000-units/

152

http://www.abb-conversations.com/2014/03/electric-vehicle-market-share-in-19-countries/

153

IEA. Global EV Outlook. April 2013.

154

http://www.welt.de/motor/article2148742/Elektroautos-werden-2015-zum-Massenphaenomen.html

155

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 29.

156

Рифкин Д. Указ. соч. С. 91.

157

http://cleantechnica.com/2015/02/18/japan-now-home-electric-vehicle-charging-stations-gas-stations/

158

http://www.prnewswire.co.uk/news-releases/launch-of-the-ten-t-co-funded-project-european-long-distance-electric-clean-transport-road-infrastructure-corridor-electric-285937151.html

159

http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/01/22/us-autos-electriccars-charging-idUSKBN0KV28L20150122

160

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/mar/09/cheap-batteries-renewable-energy-market-big-power-companies-wind-solar-power

161

http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/energy_resources_materials/battery_technology_charges_ahead

162

http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2014/08/31/3476807/tesla-electric-car-battery-breakthrough/

163

http://www.graphene-info.com/revolutionary-graphene-polymer-batteries-electric-cars

164

Рифкин Д. Указ. соч. С. 91.

165

http://www.businessinsider.com/r-china-to-offer-tax-breaks-on-electric-cars-limited-mostly-to-local-brands-2014–8

166

http://www.wsj.com/articles/bmw-unveils-plans-to-build-electric-car-charging-stations-in-shanghai-1401266088

167

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015–04–01/china-s-fuel-demand-to-peak-sooner-than-oil-giants-expect

168

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169

http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2014/08/05/3467115/tesla-toyota-hydrogen-cars-batteries/

170

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171

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172

http://honeywell.com/News/Pages/Honeywell-Green-Jet-Fuel-Powers-First-Ever-Transatlantic-Biofuel-Flight.aspx

173

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174

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175

Capturing the Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency, IEA 2014, p. 18.

176

Energy Technology Perspectives 2014. Harnessing Electricity’s Potential. Executive Summary, IEA 2014, p. 4.

177

Tracking Clean Energy Progress 2014, Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 Excerpt, IEA Input to the Clean Energy Ministerial, IEA 2014, p. 46.

178

Official Journal of the European Union, 18.6.2010, L 153, p. 18.

179

http://www.bundesregierung.de/Content/DE/StatischeSeiten/Breg/Energiekonzept/02-energieeffizienz.html

180

http://passivhausprojekte.de/index.php?lang=en#d_3871

181

Capturing the Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency, IEA 2014, p. 18.

182

http://www.iea.org/newsroomandevents/pressreleases/2014/september/energy-efficiency-a-key-tool-for-boosting-economic-and-social-development.html

183

Tracking Clean Energy Progress 2014, Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 Excerpt, IEA Input to the Clean Energy Ministerial, IEA 2014, p. 46.

184

http://cleantechnica.com/2015/01/18/energy-efficiency-distributed-renewables-will-kill-energy-suppliers

185

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186

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187

http://www.zeit.de/wirtschaft/2011–09/power-to-gas/komplettansicht

188

http://www.pv-magazine.com/news/details/beitrag/residential-storage-market-to-increase-to-900-mw-by-2018_100017137

189

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191

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192

http://www.dw.com/ru/nordlink-норвегия-станет-аккумуляторной-батареей-германии/a-18256884

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http://www.lazard.com/insights. Lazard’s Levelized Cost of Energy Analysis – Version 8.0, p. 2.

194

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195

http://cleantechnica.com/2014/11/16/where-battery-storage-will-provide-most-peaking-capacity/

196

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/hydrogen-house/

197

http://hms.harvard.edu/news/bionic-leaf

198

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199

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203

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http://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/de/veroeffentlichungen/veroeffentlichungen-pdf-dateien/studien-und-konzeptpapiere/studie-stromgestehungskosten-erneuerbare-energien.pdf, S. 16–17.

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206

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208

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 13.

209

http://www.lut.fi/web/en/news/-/asset_publisher/lGh4SAywhcPu/content/solar-and-wind-power-will-be-the-cheapest-forms-of-energy-in-the-future

210

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IMF Working Paper “How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?” Prepared by David Coady, Ian Parry, Louis Sears, and Baoping Shang, International Monetary Fund, May 2015.

230

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 129.

231

Ibid., p. 79.

232

http://newclimate.org/2015/03/30/more-climate-change-action-more-co-benefits-analysis-of-the-indcs-for-eu-us-and-china/

233

Solar Energy Perspectives: Executive Summary, International Energy Agency, 2011, p. 22.

234

Fraunhofer ISE, 100 % ERNEUERBARE ENERGIEN FÜR STROM UND WÄRME IN DEUTSCHLAND, Freiburg, 12 November 2012.

235

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 16.

236

http://af.reuters.com/article/energyOilNews/idAFL6N0UL1F620150106

237

http://econews.com.au/news-to-sustain-our-world/german-energy-use-at-lowest-level-since-1990/

238

http://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/de/downloads/pdf-files/data-nivc-/stromproduktion-aus-solar-und-windenergie-2014.pdf

239

Fraunhofer ISE, Aktuelle Fakten zur Photovoltaik in Deutschland, 16.10.2014, S. 5.

240

“Bruttobeschäftigung durch erneuerbare Energien in Deutschland im Jahr 2013”, http://www.bmwi.de/BMWi/Redaktion/PDF/B/bericht-zur-bruttobeschaeftigung-durch-erneuerbare-energien-jahr-2013,property=pdf,bereich=bmwi2012,sprache=de,rwb=true.pdf

241

http://www.pv-tech.org/mobile/news/commercial_solar_biggest_victim_of_germanys_solar_downturn_says_eupd

242

http://reneweconomy.com.au/2014/germany-decline-of-fossil-fuel-generation-is-irreversible-75224

243

Fraunhofer IWES, Kurzstudie “Erdgassubstitution durch eine forcierte Energiewende”, Juni 2014.

244

Energieverbrauch in Deutschland, Daten fuer das 1. bis 4. Quartal 2014, AGEB (AG Energiebilanzen e.V.), s. 1.9, www.ag-energiebilanzen.de.

245

http://www.iea.org/newsroomandevents/speeches/141205China_EU_Summit_speech.pdf

246

IEA, 2014 Key World Energy Statistics, p. 27.

247

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html

248

IEA, 2014 Key World Energy Statistics, p. 25, 27.

249

Ibid., p. 15.

250

CO2 Emissionen der Stromerzeugung, BWK Bd. 59 (2007) Nr. 10, S. 46.

251

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=10221268

252

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013–01–12/beijingers-told-to-stay-indoors-as-pollution-hits-record.html

253

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/chinas-choice/2014/apr/25/china-environment-law-fines-for-pollution

254

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international/business/china-seeks-to-cap-coal-use-at-4–2-billion-tonnes-by-2020/articleshow/45205271.cms

255

http://www.earth-policy.org/data_highlights/2014/highlights45

256

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 56.

257

http://renewables.seenews.com/news/china-adds-20–7-gw-of-wind-in-2014–40-of-worlds-total-459706

258

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014–05–16/china-targets-70-gigawatts-of-solar-power-to-cut-coal-reliance.html

259

http://www.technologyreview.com/news/415311/chinas-potent-wind-potential/

260

China National Photovoltaics Status Report 2012, p. 7.

261

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 47.

262

http://reneweconomy.com.au/2014/china-lifts-2014-solar-pv-installation-target-14gw-18209

263

http://www.pv-magazine.com/news/details/beitrag/china-unveils-15-gw-solar-target_100018005

264

http://reneweconomy.com.au/2015/china-lifts-solar-installation-target-for-2015-by-19–18471

265

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014–05–16/china-targets-70-gigawatts-of-solar-power-to-cut-coal-reliance.html

266

http://www.nature.com/news/economics-manufacture-renewables-to-build-energy-security-1.15847

267

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/22/chinas-coal-use-falls-for-first-time-this-century-analysis-suggests

268

http://chinacarbon.net.cn/china-targets-200-gw-wind-energy-100-gw-solar-energy-installed-capacity-2020/

269

http://reneweconomy.com.au/2015/yingli-says-100gw-by-2020-china-solar-target-could-be-minimum-60522

270

http://www.earth-policy.org/data_highlights/2014/highlights47

271

Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, p. 59.

272

Ibid., p. 63.

273

Rethinking Energy. Towards a new Power System. IRENA 2014, p. 66.

274

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015–04–01/china-s-fuel-demand-to-peak-sooner-than-oil-giants-expect

275

https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/11/fact-sheet-us-china-joint-announcement-climate-change-and-clean-energy-c

276

https://www.dnvgl.com/news/dnv-gl-survey-82-percent-of-global-industry-respondents-say-electricity-system-can-be-70-percent-renewable-by-2050–18716

277

http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/brief/eu/

278

Geschäftsmodell Energiewende Eine Antwort auf das “Die-Kosten-der-Energiewende” – Argument, Fraunhofer-Institut für Windenergie und Energiesystemtechnik, IWES, Kassel, Januar 2014, S. 4.

279

Wege zur 100 % erneuerbaren Stromversorgung, Sondergutachten, Erich Schmidt Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin 2011, S. 31.

280

http://www.kombikraftwerk.de/100-prozent-szenario/leistungsflussanimation.html

281

http://www.iea.org/publications/scenariosandprojections/

282

Energy Technology Perspectives 2014. Harnessing Electricity’s Potential. Executive Summary, IEA 2014, p. 4.

283

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-29855884

284

Technology Roadmap. Solar Photovoltaic Energy, 2014 Edition, IEA, p. 18.

285

Ibid, p. 18.

286

World Energy Outlook 2014 Factsheet. IEA

287

https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/11/fact-sheet-us-china-joint-announcement-climate-change-and-clean-energy-c

288

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/feb/05/worlds-biggest-sovereign-wealth-fund-dumps-dozens-of-coal-companies

289

http://www.bellinghamherald.com/2015/01/26/4099330_goldman-sachs-coal-hits-retirement.html?rh=1

290

http://www.livemint.com/Industry/PCUnJXV7qDewLFd4fFN3cN/Companies-set-to-back-huge-India-solar-expansion.html

291

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/energy/power/government-aims-to-double-renewable-energy-share-in-overall-basket/articleshow/46252085.cms

292

«Are we entering a golden age of gas?» Special Report, World Energy Outlook 2011, IEA 2011.

293

Medium-Term Gas Market Report 2014, Executive Summary, IEA, 2014

294

Tracking Clean Energy Progress 2014, Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 Excerpt, IEA Input to the Clean Energy Ministerial, IEA 2014, p. 4.

295

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/planet-oz/2014/dec/08/goal-to-end-fossil-fuels-by-2050-surfaces-in-lima-un-climate-documents? CMP=share_btn_tw

296

Пределы роста. 30 лет спустя. – М.: ИКЦ «Академкнига», 2007. С. 281.

297

Technology Roadmap. Nuclear Energy 2015 Edition, IEA, 2015, p. 5.

298

http://www.triplepundit.com/2015/02/burlington-vermont-runs-100-renewable-energy/

299

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/mar/28/georgetown-texas-renewable-green-energy

300

http://cleantechnica.com/2013/06/26/100-renewable-energy-and-beyond/

301

Цит. по: Рифкин Д. Указ. соч. С. 78.

302

http://www.spiegel.de/wirtschaft/unternehmen/energiewende-drohender-wildwuchs-bei-stromzaehlern-a-1009289.html

303

http://smartgrid.ieee.org/standards

304

http://www.iea.org/newsroomandevents/speeches/141205China_EU_Summit_speech.pdf

305

http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/Renewables-Continue-to-Outpace-Conservative-Global-Projections

306

http://regnum.ru/news/economy/1322062.html

307

http://expert.ru/russian_reporter/2014/48/sovetskij-stsenarij-dlyarossii/

308

http://www.vestifinance.ru/articles/49258

309

http://expert.ru/expert/2015/08/krizis-i-perspektivyi-razvitiya-neftyanogo-ryinkaxx/

310

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015–04–01/china-s-fuel-demand-to-peak-sooner-than-oil-giants-expect

311

http://www.rg.ru/2011/11/08/strategiya.html

312

http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2613919

313

http://www.rbc.ru/rbcfreenews/54e38c949a79478987799557

314

Эксперт Урал. 2014. 24 марта. № 13 (594).

315

http://www.ng.ru/ng_energiya/2013–06–11/15_biogaz.html

316

http://energo-news.ru/archives/67740

317

http://www.resbash.ru/stat/2/6707

318

http://www.eco-nomos.ru/2014/03/energo-23/

319

http://pandia.org/text/77/272/58016.php

320

Любимова Е. В. Указ. соч. С. 144.

321

http://expert.ru/south/2015/01/malyij-biznes-uvidel-alternativnuyu-energiyu/

<< |
Источник: Владимир Сидорович. Мировая энергетическая революция. Как возобновляемые источники энергии изменят наш мир. 2015

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